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2021-01-12 09:49
Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs

Domestic Energy Consumption has Rebounded 2.3% with Recovery of Economic Activities in Q3 2020

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Domestic Energy Consumption has Rebounded 2.3% with Recovery of Economic Activities in Q3 2020
With the recovery of domestic economic activities in Q3 2020, domestic energy consumption increased by 2.3% and 0.5% compared to Q2 2020 and Q3 2019 respectively. In terms of consumption by sectors, with increased economic activities, energy consumption in the service sector increased significantly by 21.0% compared to last quarter; the transportation sector rebounded by 1.8%; the industrial sector decreased by 1.8%, but electronics continued to increase by 6.6%. The declines in traditional industries also slowed down significantly, especially the textile, wearing apparel and accessories industry, which saw energy consumption increased by 17.6%. The residential sector significantly increased by 23.7% due to people spending more time staying at home and peak summer electricity consumption. Among the energy forms, 16.6% increase in electricity was the highest.
However, energy supply in Q3 2020 continued to decrease by 2.5%, 9.2%, and 6.7% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively, due to the impact of COVID-19. As the export of oil products was affected by the sharp drop in international oil demand and by the domestic consumption decrease of petrochemical feedstocks, the imports of crude oil and petroleum products by domestic refineries decreased by 8.5% compared to last quarter, while other energy forms increased due to the higher electricity demand in summer. However, compared to the same quarter last year and the same period last year, most energy types showed a downward trend, except for the natural gas supply that continued to increase.

1. Domestic energy consumption increased by 2.3%, 0.5%, and 1.4% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
(1) Sectoral Analysis (See figure 1 and table 1)
a. Service sector (accounting for 7.8%) increased by 21.0% and 3.1% compared to last quarter and the same quarter last year respectively, but decreased by 1.3% compared to the same period last year.
b. Transportation sector (accounting for 16.1%) increased by 1.8% and 3.3% compared to last quarter and the same quarter last year respectively, but decreased by 0.1% compared to the same period last year.
c. Industrial sector (including non-energy use for petrochemical feedstocks, accounting for 57.6%) decreased by 1.8%, 0.2%, and 1.8% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
d. Residential sector (accounting for 9.3%) increased by 23.7%, 8.3%, and 5.7% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
e. Energy sector own use (accounting for 8.2%) increased by 0.04% compared to last quarter, but decreased by 9.6% and 6.8% compared to the same quarter and the same period last year, respectively.
(2) Energy Type Analysis (See table 2)
a. Electricity consumption (accounting for 33.7%) increased by 16.6%, 3.9%, and 1.7% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
b. Petroleum products (accounting for 49.7%) decreased by 3.1%, 0.1%, and 3.4% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
c. Coal and coal products (accounting for 7.6%) decreased by 8.7%, 9.7%, and 4.2% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
d. Natural gas (accounting for 5.7%) decreased by 2.6% compared with last quarter, but increased by 3.7% and 5.6% compared to the same quarter and the same period last year respectively.

2. Energy supply decreased by 2.5%, 9.2%, and 6.7% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and same period last year, respectively. (See table 3)
(1) Oil and Petroleum products (accounting for 40.1%) decreased by 8.5%, 19.0%, and 13.2% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
(2) Coal and Coal products (accounting for 33.5%, approximately 88% were used for electricity generation) increased by 0.1% compared to last quarter, but decreased by 2.6% and 4.6% compared with the same quarter and the same period last year respectively.
(3) Natural Gas (accounting for 17.2%, approximately 80% were used for electricity generation) increased by 0.1%, 2.9%, and 9.0% compared to last quarter, the same quarter last year, and the same period last year, respectively.
(4) Nuclear power (accounting for 7.2%) increased by 16.7% compared to last quarter, but decreased by 1.0% and 3.4% compared to the same quarter and the same period last year respectively.
(5) Renewable energy (accounting for 2.1%) increased by 3.5% compared to last quarter, but decreased by 9.0% and 4.3% compared to the same quarter and the same period last year respectively.

3. The percentage of LNG-fired electricity generation increased compared to same quarter last year, while other energy forms decreased. (See figure 2)
The percentage of LNG-fired electricity generation increased by 1.3%. Though the percentage of renewable energy decreased by 1.0% because of less conventional hydro power due to the weather conditions; solar PV increased significantly by 53.1% (with installed capacity increasing by 32.7%). Wind power generation decreased by 9.8% due to wind conditions, but the installed capacity increased by 8.2%. It shows that the overall development continued to move towards the government's energy transition goals.

Examining the current situation, energy consumption has regained momentum, and whether or not energy supply can return to normal levels depends on the subsequent development of the international oil market. All the above-mentioned data are disclosed in the "Energy Statistics Monthly (Sep. 2020)", and the link is provided below.
https://www.moeaboe.gov.tw/ECW/populace/web_book/WebReports.aspx?book=M_CH&menu_id=142

Spokesperson for Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs: Deputy Director-General, Chun-Li Lee
Phone Number: 02-2775-7700
Mobile: 0936-250-838
Email: chunlee@moea.gov.tw

Business Contact: Director, Ming-Chih Chuang
Phone Number: 02-2775-7710
Mobile: 0936-889-606
Email: mcchuang@moea.gov.tw

Media Contact: Section Chief, Yu-Hsuah Hsia
Phone Number: 02-2775-7705
Mobile: 0910-668-295
E-mail: yhhsia@moea.gov.tw

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Figure 1-Figure 2
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Table 1- Table 3
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