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Macadamia nut sector in Africa (1)
Kind: ICD What's New  Organization: Department of International Cooperation  Publish Date: 2020-08-03 14:26
Macadamia nut sector in Africa (1)

Macadamia is a rainforest tree indigenous to Australia that is grown commercially for its edible nuts. The macadamia occurs naturally on the fringes of subtropical Australian rainforests.

The main producing nations in Africa are Eswatini, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The main planting areas in South Africa include Mpumalanga, Limpopo and Kwa-Zulu Natal.

The area planted in South Africa has been rapidly increasing. More than 5,000 hectares are planted per year, up from 2,000 hectares reported in past years.

Overall, South Africa’s macadamia nut production is expected to grow steadily, to around 64,000 tons nut-in-shell (NIS) for 2020, up from 58,000 tons NIS the previous year.
South Africa’s three main export markets are the U.S., mainland China and the EU. New markets are also emerging in South America, the Middle East and Asia. The support of these markets is needed for the sector to continue growing.

During the world’s largest food and beverage industry trade fair in October 2019 in Germany, the top 10 food trends were identified, with most being relevant to the macadamia nut sector. These trends include vegetarianism, veganism, ready-to-eat products, superfoods, non-genetically-modified products, fair trade products, halal food, and kosher products.

Due to drought and widespread brush fires, Australia’s macadamia nut production for 2020 is expected to be even lower than the poor figure of 42,900 tons NIS in 2019. The continued increase in macadamia nut consumption worldwide and Australia’s expected lower export amount present a commercial opportunity for South African macadamia nut producers. However, they face a challenge from Kenya which continues to make significant strides in the sector, with many top-rate producers being established there. Kenya is expected to remain a leading producer for years to come.

Source: The Macadamia
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Update: 2020-04-23
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