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The 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26)
Kind: ICD What's New  Organization: Department of International Cooperation  Publish Date: 2021-11-03 17:51
The 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) is scheduled to take place from Oct. 31 to Nov. 12, 2021, in Glasgow, under the presidency of the U.K. The U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted during the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in 1992 and entered into force on March 21, 1994. The Conference of the Parties (COP) meets every year, and the first COP meeting was held in Berlin, Germany in March 1995.

The Paris Agreement, adopted at the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015, is a global framework to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees. It also aims to strengthen countries' ability to deal with the impacts of climate change and support them in their efforts.

Governments agreed to come together every five years to assess the collective progress towards the long-term goals and inform Parties in updating and enhancing their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Negotiations will also take place on the Paris Agreement "Rulebook" to track progress towards each Party's NDCs. This year's COP is the first since the U.S. returned to the Paris climate agreement.

The goals of COP26 are to secure global net zero by mid-century and keep 1.5 degrees within reach, adapt to protect communities and natural habitats, mobilize finance, and work together to deliver. It aims to bring countries together to agree on a comprehensive, ambitious and balanced outcome that takes forward coordinated climate action and resolves key issues related to the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.

Although not a member of UNFCCC, Taiwan actively promotes the initiative. Climate change affects all regions around the world. The government of Taiwan is preparing to amend the Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act to include the 2050 net-zero emissions target.

Sources:UNFCC website; COP26 website
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Update: 2020-04-23
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